Chasing the Urban Dream: Land Politics, Citizenship, and State Identity in Contemporary China
- Blanche Shao, B.S. URS 2019
ClassCRP 4920 Undergraduate Honors Thesis Research
InstructorThomas J. Campanella
This thesis interrogates the urbanization process in post-Socialist China through the lens of land expropriation and home eviction. Using a combination of law reviews, editorials, ethnography, and fieldwork, it covers four major themes: a) the development of land use laws that were devised as a tactic for the state to expropriate land, b) evictees' resistance strategies and the framework of performative politics, c) the local government's quasilegal strategies to implement eviction and their implications to the protest landscape in an authoritarian state, and d) urban citizenship and how the state-perpetuated urban dream led to the formation of a precarious population in China. It concludes by drawing a parallel between the peasant's urban fantasy and the state's modern fantasy, arguing that the state fails to achieve full modernization because the very foundation of an urbanized China necessarily and continuously required a precarious population at the countryside.