ARCH 4101/4102/5101/5115/5116/7113
Urban-Ruralism: A Training Center for the rural Migrants in Addis Ababa

A collage of textiles making up a unique pattern with reds, browns, and teals.

Elias Sime. Tightrope, Surface and Shadow 2, 2016 Addis Ababa. Reclaimed electronic components on panel.

  • Instructor: Marta H. Wisniewska
  • Time:
  • Location:
  • Credits: 6
  • Territory of Investigation: Architecture and Ecology, Architecture and Urbanism

In recent years, Ethiopia has emerged as a major power in the Horn of Africa, experiencing rapid economic growth and increasing strategic importance in the region. Still, Ethiopia is predominantly a rural nation, with almost 80% of its population residing in the countryside. But famine, war, poverty, deforestation, and soil erosion, as well as the dream of a 'better' life, drove a mass influx to more developed areas. If these high migration rates continue, it is predicted, that Ethiopia's urban population will almost double by 2030, posing immense challenges to provide proper infrastructure and services, housing, and jobs. Even though the current urbanization process is largely directed towards intermediary cities (Dire Dawa, Mek'ele or Nazret), the country is characterized by a monocentric urban system focusing on its capital: Addis Ababa.

While urbanization is a well-known and widely discussed process – Ethiopia among other emerging territories is also experiencing the opposite – in the form of ruralization of its urban fabric. Migrants import their rural lifestyle and skills into the city; and since this happens on a massive scale, it is the city, that starts to change and adapt, rather than its inhabitants.

This semester we will focus on one of the most heterogeneous areas of Addis Ababa – Merkato – the biggest open-air market in Africa. The seemingly chaotic and disorganized maze of small-scale, single-story, and to some extent informal shops, is also one of the best working bottom-up institutions in town. This is where small city-oriented enterprises are mixed with rural traditions and temporary shelters. Not only, but especially with respect to the physical environment, there is also immense room for improvement. We will try to answer how architectural, spatial, and programmatic interventions can help informalize the existing framework and activate the rural skills within an urban context. The semester is structured into three phases of investigation that will culminate in a design strategy for a multi-level cluster of programs, such as a training center, material workshops, retail spaces, and temporary housing. This design phase will be informed by two previous stages: a thorough analysis of the site and its socioeconomic context as well as research into locally available, low-cost materials and construction techniques.

Instructor permission required:

First class attendance is mandatory

View a PDF of this class description.

 

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