Mumbai is a city created by the chaotic layering of colonial exploitation, geologic re-appropriation/reclamation, economic disparity, religious differentiation, hurried globalization, and modernization – a process that has created a culturally rich yet infrastructurally-vulnerable urban environment at the mercy of exploding nature, exploding urbanization, and unpredictable yet consistently increasing "flows". Ravaged by an annual monsoon season from June until September, during which Mumbai receives upwards of 24 inches of monthly rainfall, water becomes a significant problem as much of what falls is not supported by the existing drainage systems. Additionally, the constant influx of people into this city of nearly 14 million has led to overcrowding and uncontrollable land encroachment, with informal settlements continuously appearing in order to accommodate new residents. These annual flows of water and people require urgent attention in order to create an urban environment that is both responsive and reactive, using unavoidable scenarios to the city’s benefit.
(Mumbai Studio, Mixed-Use Housing Proposal for Central Mumbai, Professor Lily Chi)